List of the surgeons who responded to the questionnaire and conveyed their personal comments or suggestions: Ballesta Lopez, C. (Spain), Belghiti, J. (France), Belli, L. (Italy), Berard, P. H. (France), Bismuth, H. (France), Boillot, O. (France), Boissel, P. (France), Bresadola, F. (Italy), Broelsch, C. E. (Germany), Calleja Kempin, I. J. (Spain), Caine, R. (United Kingdom), Castagneto, M. (Italy), Castro Sousa, F. (Portugal), ChapuiS, Y. (France), Chipponi, J. (France), Cortesini, R. (Italy), Cuilleret, J. (France), D’Amico, D. (Italy), de Hemptinne, B. (Belgium), Decurtins, M. (Switzerland), Descottes, B. (France), Di Carlo, V. (Italy), Eigier, F. W. (Germany), Ericzon, B. G. (Sweden), Fagniez, P. L. (France), Fékétè, F. (France), Foster, J. (USA), Fourtanier, L. (France), Franco, D. (France), Funovics, J. M. (Austria), Galmarini, D. (Italy), Gigot, G. F. (Belgium), Gennari, L. (Italy), Habib, N. A. (United Kingdom), Hayter, B. (United Kingdom), Houssin, D. (France), Jeppsson, B. (Sweden), Kalicinski, P. (Poland), Karlberg, J. (Sweden), Kriste, G. (Germany), La Calle, P. (Spain), Lambiliotte, J. P. (Belgium), Launois, B. (France), Li, A. (Hong Kong), Lygidakis, N. (Greek), Maffei Faccioli, A. (Italy), Makuuchi, M. (Japan), Margreiter, P. (Austria), Mathisen, O. (Norway), McMaster, P. (United Kingdom), Meurisse, M. (Belgium), Moreno Gonzalez, E. (Spain), Mouiel, J. (France), Nagasue, N. (Japan), Nagorney, D. M. (USA), Neuhaus, N. (Germany), Nuzzo, G. (Italy), Obertop, H. (Holland), Otte, J. B. (Belgium), Paquet, K. J. (Germany), Penninckx, F. (Belgium), Pichlmayr, R. (Germany), Pisa, F. (Austria), Puntis, M. C. A. (United Kingdom), Rohner, A. (Switzerland), Rossi, R. (USA), Rovati, V, (Italy), Scheele, J. (Germany), Segol, P. (France), Slooff, M. (Holland), Starzl, T. E. (USA), Tiberio, G. (Italy), Tobe, T. (Japan), Williamson, R.C.N. (United Kingdom). © 1994, Harwood Academic Publishers GmbH.